The History of Bagels
The humble bagel originated in Krakow, Poland under the influence of the Polish King Jan III Sobieski.
Upon his return from the war, a baker made a stirrup-shaped bread in honour of the King which became known as the Bagel or Beigel, which originates from the German word for stirrup.
The first printed mention of bagels was found in a community regulation pamphlet in 1610, and it stated that "Bagels would be given as a gift to any woman expecting a child".
Bagels quickly became popular in Poland, becoming a staple food source among Eastern Europeans. It eventually arrived in New York in the 1880's as hundreds of thousands of Eastern European Jews emigrated to America.
It was in New York that the International Bagels Baker Union was founded in 1907, and was only open for membership to sons of union members to safeguard the recipe.
After World War I, the son of a bagel baker started to experiment with a bagel-baking machine and over the years, invented several models but each one had flaws. It was in the early 1960's, when the son of the original inventor broke through with the Thompson Bagel Machine, which was capable of producing anywhere from 200 to 400 bagels per hour.